Of the nearly 272,000 Australians who survived the war, 170,000 suffered from wounds or illness.

In 1918, the Australian Government created the Repatriation Department, which established a comprehensive and centralised repatriation scheme. The department managed pensions for the disabled and those no longer able to support themselves, and for dependants of those who died. It established employment bureaus and vocational and rehabilitation training for returned servicemen and women. Free medical and hospital care, hostels and homes were provided for the totally and permanently incapacitated, and artificial limbs for amputees.

The long-term costs of medical care and welfare benefits following the war were on a scale never before encountered. In 1938, there were 77,000 incapacitated soldiers and 180,000 dependants still on pensions. War pensions had cost Australia nearly £148 million and medical care £8.57 million. In addition, there were 1600 men still in hostels and homes for the permanently incapacitated, and about 23,000 outpatients in repatriation hospitals.


SKU 931
Brand Royal Australian Mint

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